A Van or Dry Van trailer is an enclosed trailer generally used to keep freight out of the elements. These trailers can only be loaded from the rear, and are generally loaded from a loading dock. A curtain van is similar, but can be loaded from the side as well. There are more dry van trailers than any other trailer type, in the trucking industry today. The typical dry van is 53 ft in length. However, 48 ft and shorter trailers are also used.
48' or 53' Refrigerated Trailers are similar to dry vans in that they are both enclosed, and are loaded from the rear of the trailer.Refrigerated Trailers are different from dry vans in that they can be temperature controlled. The interior temperature of the van can be maintained at any temperature ranging from -20 to 70 degrees, depending on the capabilities of the refrigeration unit.
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